The National University of Singapore (“NUS”) maintains various websites (collectively referred to as “NUS websites” and individually a “NUS website”) for the convenience of its staff, students, alumni and/or certain members of the public permitted access to and/or use of a NUS website, as applicable (collectively referred to as “Users” and individually a “User”).

By accessing and/or using a NUS website, Users shall be deemed to have agreed to be bound by all the terms and conditions set out herein (“Terms of Use”), which shall govern the use of all NUS websites wherever applicable. If a User does not agree with any part of the Terms of Use, the User should discontinue access to and/or use of the applicable NUS website immediately.

Users may also be bound by additional terms and conditions specific to a particular NUS website which are set out below and form part of these Terms of Use. In the event of inconsistency between any of the general terms and conditions set out in Section A below and any specific terms and conditions set out in Section B below, the specific terms and conditions shall prevail.


    Users’ Conduct

  1. Users shall use NUS websites for lawful purposes only. Where Users are permitted to post or transmit material through a NUS website, Users shall not post or transmit any material which:

    • is or may reasonably be construed as defamatory, discriminatory, incendiary, threatening, abusive, vulgar, obscene, profane, plagiaristic or otherwise objectionable;
    • violates the rights of others, contains unsubstantiated claims, is invasive of another person’s privacy, encourages criminal conduct, gives rise to civil liability or otherwise violates any law or regulations in any jurisdiction;
    • contains viruses, trojan horses, worms, time bombs, cancelbots or any other harmful or disruptive programmes;
    • is protected by intellectual property rights or any other applicable law unless the requisite consents have been obtained; or
    • may cast NUS in a negative light.
  2. Users shall not:
    • use a NUS website for purposes of impersonating any person or entity;
    • use a NUS website to transmit any chain letters or junk email to other Users;
    • use the account, username, or password of another User at any time;
    • disclose their passwords to any third party or permit any third party to access their accounts;
    • use any information obtained from a NUS website to harass, abuse, or harm another person;
    • interfere with or disrupt a NUS website or servers or networks connected to the NUS website or disobey any requirements, procedures, policies or regulations of networks connected to the NUS website;
    • use a NUS website to undermine the security of, tamper with or access NUS’ IT resources, or attempt to do any of the same, for example by ‘cracking’ passwords or modifying or attempting to modify the files of other Users or software components of NUS’ IT resources; or
    • use a NUS website in any manner inconsistent with any and all applicable laws and regulations.
  3. NUS websites are for the personal use of Users only and may not be used in connection with any commercial endeavours, including the sale and purchase of goods and services as a business. Commercial advertisements, affiliate links, and other forms of solicitation may be removed from a User’s profile or webspace without notice and may result in suspension or termination of the User’s access and/or use of any NUS website. NUS’ decision on what constitutes commercial use shall be final.
  4. Illegal and/or unauthorized use of a NUS website, including collecting usernames and/or email addresses of Users by electronic or other means is prohibited. NUS reserves the right to investigate and take appropriate legal action against anyone who, in NUS’ sole discretion, violates this provision.
  5. Privacy

  6. The terms of the NUS Privacy Statement found at are incorporated into and made part of these Terms of Use and all references to “website” or “site” therein shall mean any and all NUS websites.

  7. NUS’ Intellectual Property Rights

  8. NUS websites incorporate contents and materials belonging to NUS (“NUS Content”), which are protected by copyright, trademark, patent and other intellectual property laws in Singapore and overseas, as applicable. Unless otherwise indicated, NUS Content may be reproduced and displayed by Users solely for Users’ personal use in connection with viewing and using a NUS website and no part of NUS Content may be reproduced, licensed, sold, published, transmitted, modified, adapted, publicly displayed, broadcasted, stored (including storage in any medium by electronic means, whether or not transiently) for any other purpose without NUS’ prior written permission.

  9. The copyright in the contents and materials available on NUS websites are owned by NUS unless otherwise indicated as owned by third parties.
  10. NUS’ logos, crests and name are trademarks or registered trademarks of NUS. NUS has policies governing the use of its name, including the names of its schools and programs, and trademarks and use, reproduction, copying or redistribution of the same without NUS’ prior written permission is prohibited. Other names and marks appearing on NUS websites may also be the trademarks of their respective owners and it is the responsibility of Users to seek the permission of the trademark owners prior to using such other trademarks.
  11. NUS’ name and trademarks should never be removed from pages on which they originally appear and web pages from NUS websites should always appear exactly as posted without variation, unless NUS’ prior written approval was obtained.
  12. Users’ Intellectual Property Rights

  13. Users shall retain ownership rights in any text, files, images, photos, videos, sounds or any other materials that Users upload or post on any NUS website ("User Content"). Any such User Content shall not constitute confidential information of the Users and Users authorise NUS to do anything necessary to such User Content to enable the release of the same for viewing on a NUS website.

  14. The User represents and warrants that: (i) he/she owns the User Content uploaded or posted by him/her on or through any NUS website or has otherwise obtained the right to upload or post the same, and (ii) the posting of the User Content on or through any NUS website does not violate the intellectual property or other rights of any person.
  15. Users may not copy, modify, translate, publish, broadcast, transmit, distribute, perform, display, or sell any User Content belonging to any other User which appears on or through any NUS website without that other User’s consent.
  16. Removal of User Content and Restriction of Access

  17. NUS may delete from any NUS website any User Content that it deems in its sole judgment to have violated these Terms of Use and reserves the right to restrict, suspend or terminate at its discretion any User’s access to part or all of the NUS websites at any time, without notice or reason given and without liability.

  18. Links from Other Websites to NUS websites

  19. NUS reserves the right to require the removal of any links from external websites to a NUS website. Deep linking to the web pages of any NUS website is prohibited. Any links created by a User to a NUS website should be text links containing our domain name and which transfer other visitors directly to the applicable NUS website. The contents of a NUS website should not appear within the frames of others, nor be accompanied in any way by third-party material that may create a false or mistaken impression in the mind of the viewer about NUS’ affiliation or association with or endorsement of the third party site, frame, or material.

  20. Links to Third Party Websites

  21. Users’ web pages on a NUS website may contain links to third party websites. NUS does not monitor and shall not be responsible for the contents, materials, opinions expressed on such third party websites or their accuracy thereof. Inclusion of any link to such third party websites on a NUS website does not imply approval or endorsement of the linked third party websites by NUS and Users access such linked third-party websites at their own risk.

  22. Disclaimers

  23. All NUS Content are provided “as is”. NUS has used all reasonable endeavours to ensure that NUS Content posted on NUS websites are correct at the time of posting. However, NUS gives no warranty and accepts no responsibility or liability for the accuracy or the completeness of the NUS Content for any purpose whatsoever. No reliance should be made by any User on the NUS Content so posted and the User should independently verify the accuracy and completeness of the NUS Content with the originating or authorising faculty, department or other body.

  24. Users are solely responsible for the User Content that they upload or post on or through a NUS website and NUS does not endorse nor have control over the same. NUS does not warrant or guarantee the accuracy, validity, adequacy or completeness of any User Content and will not be responsible for any errors, inaccuracies or omissions in any User Content posted or liable for any loss or damage of any kind incurred as a result of the use of or reliance on any User Content uploaded or posted on or through a NUS website.
  25. NUS assumes no responsibility for monitoring User Content and conduct on any NUS website and shall not be taken to have assumed any responsibility for any User Content or conduct on any NUS website or for removing or regulating the same, should it choose randomly and at its discretion to monitor a NUS website.
  26. NUS shall not be responsible for any problems with or technical malfunction of any telephone network or lines, computer online systems, servers or providers, computer equipment, software, failure of any email or players due to technical problems or traffic congestion on the Internet or for any damage to the User’s computer equipment related to or resulting from access to or use of any NUS website.
  27. NUS shall not be held responsible or liable in any way for any and/or all consequences, including without limitation damages for loss of profits, business interruption, or loss of information, that may be incurred by a User as a direct or indirect result of access to a NUS website or of using, or the inability to use, any materials or contents on a NUS website, even if NUS has been advised of the possibility of such damages in advance. To the extent permissible by law, no right of action by a User will arise as a result of personal injury or property damage, howsoever arising, sustained as a result of access to a NUS website or of reference to or reliance upon any information contained in or omitted from a NUS website, whether through neglect or otherwise.
  28. Indemnity

  29. The User shall indemnify and hold NUS harmless from any loss, liability, claim, or demand made by any third party due to or arising out of the User’s use of any NUS website in violation of these terms and conditions.

  30. Disputes

  31. Users are solely responsible for their interactions with other Users on a NUS website. NUS reserves the right, but has no obligation, to monitor any disputes between Users.

  32. Governing Law and Jurisdiction

  33. These Terms of Use are governed by and construed in accordance with the laws of Singapore and any legal action or proceeding between NUS and a User for any purpose concerning these Terms of Use shall be brought in a court of competent jurisdiction in Singapore.

  34. Variation of Terms of Use

  35. NUS may modify these Terms of Use from time to time and such modification shall be effective upon posting on the applicable NUS website. Users shall be bound by any changes to these Terms of Use when Users continue to access and/or use the applicable NUS website after any such modification is posted and hence should review these Terms of Use regularly for the latest updated version.


    NUS Online Community

  37. Users are allowed to create personal profiles, upload and maintain documents and pictures online, create and maintain blogs, communicate online with other NUS staff, students and alumni members, and do anything else permitted on the website, for as long as they remain staff, students or alumni members, as applicable, of NUS.

  38. NUS Second Life

  39. Users are also subject to observation of the Second Life Community Standards.

  40. ScholarBank@NUS

  41. A User who deposits a work must be the original author or one of the original authors of that work. In the case of a jointly-authored work, the User must have obtained the prior permission of the other joint author(s) to deposit the work and to grant the NUS the rights stated in the licence that the User is required to execute before depositing the work.

  42. A User must ensure that the deposited work does not infringe the rights, including copyright, of any third party. If third party material is incorporated into such work, the User must ensure that permission from the owner of such third party material has been obtained for its incorporation and for the submission and use of the same for purposes of ScholarBank@NUS. Any such third party material shall also be clearly identified and acknowledged within the text or content of the deposited work.
  43. Before depositing a work, a User is required to execute a licence granting NUS a royalty-free, irrevocable, perpetual and non-exclusive licence to store, display, use, reproduce, distribute and transmit the same. Users are required to read the specific terms of the licence carefully before executing the same.
  44. Unless otherwise specified, all works can be accessed, printed and/or downloaded by Users for their own academic research, private study and/or teaching purposes. Under no circumstances shall Users access, reproduce and/or use the works of others retrieved via ScholarBank@NUS for commercial purposes or for dissemination to another person or entity.